Solar Panels Installation in Canarias
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Sun hours in Europe.
Average annual insolation map. National Geographic Institute (IGN) Spain.
Solar energy potential in Canarias
Insolation is the amount of "useful sun" that reaches the surface and Spain in this sense is in an excellent situation in terms of solar energy, with an average of 2,500 hours of sunshine per year. In the northern areas this value is not reached, but several southern regions exceed 3,000 hours per year. In the Canary Islands, due to the cloudiness linked to the trade winds, the number of hours of sunshine varies according to the islands. It has great potential for generating photovoltaic energy as it has: Tenerife 3,098; Lanzarote 2,924 and La Palma 2,800 hours of sunshine per year, to name a few. 🙌
Within the records of solar irradiation in 2020 in Spain, the highest were in the Canary Islands. Here, the average irradiance curves for the entire region have a flatter shape with values above 6 kWh/m2 per day from April to September. It is in the months of autumn, winter and spring when the amount of radiation received exceeds that of the Iberian Peninsula.
In addition, the areas with the highest solar irradiation in winter (February 2021) also top the list, the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands with: Maspalomas 4.99 kWh/m2; Santa Cruz 4.81; Tenerife 4.60 kWh/m2 and Lanzarote 4.57 kWh/m2.
Solar energy potential in Canarias. Source: PVGIS.
Annual production of photovoltaic energy in Canarias
Annual production of photovoltaic energy in Canarias. Source: PVGIS.
To calculate the photovoltaic production in the Canary Islands, let us take as an example a solar installation with 3.4 kWp of installed power, where the system will have an optimum angle of inclination of 26º to the south, and the result will give us an annual photovoltaic energy production of 5,616.79 kWh. This contemplates a system loss of 14% and an annual irradiation in the plane of 2,115.18 kWh/m2.
Average electricity bill in Canarias 2021-2022
Average electricity bill. Source: OMIE.
The Red Eléctrica de España (REE) indicates that households in Spain, and therefore in Canarias, consume an average of 9 kWh per day and approximately 270 kWh per month, which represents about 3,240 kWh/year. In addition, the REE has also indicated that electricity prices from the grid in 2021-2022 have averaged around €0.225/kWh (€225/MWh), so that a household without a solar energy system that consumes monthly from the network these 270 kWh would pay around €60 per month on your bill, in the variable part of electricity consumption.
Inclination and orientation of solar panels in Canarias
In Spain, the ideal average inclination of the panels varies between 20º and 40º since it is directly related to the latitude of the country. The closer a city is to the equator, the less the angle of inclination of the panels will be, since the sun's rays will strike perpendicularly. In the Canary Islands in particular, the optimum angle of inclination varies from 24º to 29º, depending on the island.
Average temperature of Canarias
Average temperature in Canarias. Source: PVGIS.
The climate in the Canary Islands is subtropical oceanic, with temperatures mitigated throughout the year by the sea and in summer by the trade winds, with an average temperature of 22ºC.
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Get the most out of your solar panel installation in Canarias
The Canary Islands are one of the places with the most hours of sunshine per year and for this reason, the percentage of energy production in photovoltaic self-consumption installations is higher than in other parts of the country. It has: Tenerife 5.3 kWh/m2 of HSP (Peak Solar Hour); Lanzarote 5.9 and La Palma 5.9. These figures are equivalent to the amount of solar energy received by a square meter of surface.
The population of the Canary Islands amounts to 2,237,309 inhabitants (2020) and the population density on the islands is 284.46 inhabitants/km2, a figure more than three times higher than the Spanish average. In addition, the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands periodically approves regional aid and subsidies to encourage self-consumption and has IBI and ICIO tax credits in its municipalities. This will allow you to reduce the amortization period of the investment.
Frequently asked questions about photovoltaic installation in Canarias
How much does an installation of solar panels cost in Canarias?
The price of a photovoltaic installation in Canarias, and as is generally the case anywhere, depends on the type of installation, size of the system, its components, registration and legalization procedures. Considering all the necessary materials: panels, inverter, wiring and installation costs such as labor for a single-family home that requires 10 panels, the approximate price would be €6,000 and €8,000 for 15 panels.
Is a photovoltaic installation profitable in Canarias? Are solar panels worth it?
The recovery of the investment in solar panel installations in the Canary Islands is amortized differently depending on the aid on each island. On average, in an average of 5 years. If none of the bonuses (IBI and ICIO) are accessed, the amortization would take longer, but if the aid is available, the investment would be recovered faster.
How much can be saved with a solar panel installation?
With a photovoltaic installation in Canarias you can save approximately 60% and up to 70% on your electricity bill (in the variable part of it, referring to electricity consumption).
What procedures and/or permits are needed for photovoltaic installations in Canarias?
Although usually the installation companies in Canarias are in charge of managing all the paperwork so that their clients do not have to worry about it, it is good to bear in mind that the process of legalizing photovoltaic self-consumption installations in Canarias is adapted to what is established in Royal Decree 244/2019.
Is there aid for the installation of solar panels in Canarias in 2023?
IBI discount: %, years, uses and limitations
The maximum percentage that exists in the Canary Islands is 50% discount for 5 years for residential use. This varies according to the islands and municipalities. Some grant less percentage and others less number of years. See the case of Tenerife here.
ICIO tax credit
The highest percentage found in the Canary Islands is 90% for properties whose main use is energy production. This also varies according to the islands and municipalities. Some grant 75% and others 50%.
What subsidies are there and how to request aid for self-consumption in Canarias?
The subsidies from European funds are part of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan and in Canarias they include aid of €600 for each kWp of the installation and €490 for each kW of battery. These aids are intended for installations with a maximum of 10 kWp and those installations that exceed this peak power have lower amounts in terms of aid. For municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants, these amounts may be higher.
Applications for grants must be submitted to the Electronic Office of the Government of the Canary Islands. You can obtain more information in the Official Bulletin of the Canary Islands. The deadline for submitting applications is until the allocated budget or budget reallocation is exhausted, and always until December 31, 2023 at the latest.
Is there a personal income tax deduction for a photovoltaic installation in Canarias?
For energy rehabilitation works and reform of the habitual residence. For more information you can visit the page of the Tax Agency of Canarias.
Other regional aid in Canarias
There is also aid for self-consumption photovoltaic solar installation connected to the grid, at €0.75 per watt of nominal power, up to a maximum of €2,250 per home. In the event of installing batteries, the subsidy will be increased to €1.5 per watt of nominal power, up to a maximum of €4,500. Its start dates from 12/30/20 and ends on 12/30/22.
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